Most people are not aware of the fact that kidney diseases can be silent killers. They may not show any symptoms for a long time until the situation becomes critical. It is important to recognize the symptoms of kidney disease to detect them early. Here is a list of 12 of those symptoms that you should keep in mind:
1. Changes in your urinary function
The first symptom of kidney disease is the amount and frequency of your urination. There may be an increase or decrease in the amount and / or frequency, especially at night. It can also look darker. You may feel like urinating, but you can not do it when you get to the bathroom.
2. Difficulty or pain during urination
Sometimes you have difficulty or feel pressure or pain when urinating. Urinary tract infections can cause symptoms such as pain or burning when urinating. When these infections spread to the kidneys, they can cause fever and pain in the back.
3. Blood in the urine
This is a symptom of kidney disease, which is a definite cause for concern. There may be other reasons, but it is advisable to visit your doctor in case you notice it.
The kidneys eliminate waste and excess fluid from the body. When they can not do this, this extra fluid will accumulate and cause swelling in the hands, feet, ankles and / or face.
5. Extreme fatigue and generalized weakness
Your kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin that helps produce red blood cells that carry oxygen. In kidney disease, lower levels of erythropoietin cause the reduction of red blood cells in the body, which produces anemia. There is less oxygen delivery to the cells that causes widespread weakness and extreme fatigue.
6. Dizziness and inability to concentrate
The anemia associated with kidney disease also depletes your brain of oxygen that can cause dizziness, concentration problems, etc.
7. Feeling cold all the time
If you have kidney disease, you may feel cold even in a warm environment due to anemia.
Pyelonephritis (infection of the kidneys) can cause fever with chills.
8. Rashes and itchy skin
Kidney failure causes the accumulation of waste in the blood. This can cause severe itching and skin rashes.
9. Ammonia and metallic taste
Kidney failure increases the level of urea in the blood (uremia). This urea is broken down into ammonia in the saliva, causing bad breath like urine called ammonia breath. It is also usually associated with an unpleasant metallic taste (dysgeusia) in the mouth.
10. Nausea and vomiting
The accumulation of waste products in the blood in kidney disease can also cause nausea and vomiting.
11. Shortness of breath
Kidney disease causes fluid to build up in the lungs. And, anemia, a common side effect of kidney disease, deprives your body of oxygen. You may have trouble recovering your breath due to these factors.
12. Pain in the back or sides
Some cases of kidney disease can cause pain. You may feel a strong cramp that spreads from the lower back to the groin if there is a kidney stone in the ureter. The pain may also be related to polycystic kidney disease, a hereditary kidney disorder, which causes many cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. Interstitial cystitis, a chronic inflammation of the bladder wall, causes chronic pain and discomfort.
It is important to identify kidney disease early, because in most cases the damage to the kidneys can not be undone. To reduce your chances of having serious kidney problems, consult your doctor when you observe one or more of the above symptoms. If detected early, kidney disease can be treated very effectively.